Konsultan: Mohamed Hatta Abu Bakar, HMD
LECTURE 8 : Organon § 9. Simple substance.
Dr Samuel HAHNEMANN (1755-1843)
Organon § 9.
In the healthy condition of man, the spiritual vital force, the Dynamis that animates the material body, rules with unbounded sway, and retains all parts of the organism in admirable, harmonious, vital operation, as regards both sensations and functions, so that our indwelling, reason-gifted mind can freely employ this living healthy instrument for the higher purposes of our existence.
This paragraph introduces the vital principle,
It would hardly seem possible thatHahnemann, in the time he lived, could say so much in a few lines.
In the seventh section of the first edition of theOrganon, Hahnemann wrote :
"There must exist in the medicine a healing principle ; the understanding has a presentiment of it,"
but after theOrganon had gone through a number of editions Hahnemann had somewhat changed, and in this work, which is the 1883 edition, he distinctly calls a unit of action in the whole organism the vital force.
You get the idea from some of his expressions that the harmony itself is a force, but I do not think thatHahnemann intends to teach that way.
We cannot consider the vital principle as harmony, nor harmony as principle; principle is something that is prior to harmony.
Harmony is the result of principle or law.
Hahnemanncould perceive this immaterial vital principle.
It was something he arrived at himself, from his own process of thinking.
There was paucity of individual ideas at that time, i.e., ideas outside of the accepted sciences, butHahnemann thought much, and by thinking he arrived at the idea contained in this paragraph, which only appears in the last edition,
"In the healthy condition of man the immaterial vital principle animates the material body."
If he had used the words "immaterial vital substance," it would have been even stronger, for you will see it to be true that it is a substance.
At the present day advanced thinkers are speakingof the fourth state of matter which is immaterial substance.
We now say the solids, liquids and gases and the radiant form of matter.
Substance in simple form is just as positively substance as matter in concrete form.
The question then comes up for consideration and study: What is the vital force ?
What is its character, quality oresse ? Is it true that man only has this vital force ? Is it possessed by no animal, no mineral ?
For a number of years there has been a continuous discussion of force as force, or power to construct.
The thought that force has nothing prior to it leads man's mind into insanity.
If man can think of energy as something substantial he can better think of something substantial as having energy.
When he thinks of something that has essence, has actual being, he must think of thatesse as something existing and as having something which has ultimates.
He must think in a series whereby cause enters into effect and furthermore into a series of effects.
If he do not do this he destroys the very nature and idea of influx and continuance.
If man does not know what is continuous, if he does not realize that there are beginnings, intermediates and ends, he cannot think, for the very foundation of thought is destroyed.
What do we mean by influx ?
As a broad and substantial illustration let us think of a chain.
What is it that holds the last link of a chain to its investment or first attachment ?
At once we will say the intermediate link.
What is it that connects that link ?
Its previous link, and so on to the first link and its attachment.
Do we not thus see that there is one continuous dependence from the last to the first hook ?
Wherever that chain is separated it is as much separated as possible, and there is no longer influx from one link to the other.
In the same way as soon as we commence to think of things disconnectedly we lose the power of communication between them.
All things must be united or the series is broken and influx ceases.
Again, we see that man exists as to his body, but as yet we do not see all the finer purposes of his being.
To believe that man exists without a cause, to believe that his life force goes on for a while and does not exist from something prior to it, to think that there is not constantly and continuously that influx from cause whereby he continues to live, demonstrates that the man who does so is an irrational being.
From his senses man has never been able to prove that anything can exist except it has continually flowing into it that which holds it in continuance.
Then why should he, when he goes into the immaterial world, assume that energy is the first ?
We shall find by a continued examination of the question of simple substance that we have some reason for saying that energy is not energyper se, but that it is a powerful substance, and is endowed from intelligence that is of itself a substance.
The materialist to be consistent with his principles is obliged to deny the soul, and to deny a substantialGod, because the energy which he dwells upon so much is nothing, and he must assume that God is nothing, and therefore there is none.
But the one who is rational will be led to see that there is a supremeGod, that He is substantial, that He is a substance.
Everything proceeds from him and the whole series from the supreme to the most ultimate matter in this way is connected. just as surely as there is a separation, and not a continuous influx from first to last, ultimates will cease to exist.
The true holding together of the material world is performed by the simple substance.
There are two worlds that come apparently to the mind of man,the world of thought and the world of matter ; that is, the world of immaterial substance and the world of material substance.
The world of material substance is in order and harmony.
Everything that appears before the eye has beginnings.
The forms are harmonious ; every crystal of a metal crystallizes in accordance with order ; man's very anatomy forms harmoniously.
We see nothing in the material world to account for this, but we perceive that all things are held in position because of the continuous influx from first to last.
There is no break in the chain and no break in the flow of power from first to last.
Nothing can exist unless its cause be inflowing into it continuously.
We see that all things made by man's hand decay and fall to pieces in time, but look at the things perpetuated from influx, look at their order and harmony from time to eternity, working by the same plan and in the same order.
There are many qualities predicated of simple substance, and one of the first propositions we have to consider is that simple substance isendowed with formative intelligence, i.e., it intelligently operates and forms the economy of the whole animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms.
Everything with form goes on its natural course and assumes and continues its own private state.
The laws of chemistry by analysis may be so revealed to man that he can detect all elements because they conduct themselves uniformly.
The simple substance gives to everything its own type of life, gives it distinction, gives it identity whereby it differs from all other things.
The crystal of the earth has its own association, its own identity; it is endowed with a simple substance that will establish its identity from everything in the animal kingdom, everything in the mineral kingdom.
This is due to the formative intelligence of simple substance, which is continuous from its beginning to its end.
If we examine the frost work upon the window we see its tendency to manifest formative intelligence.
Plants grow in fixed forms.
So it is with man from his beginning to his end, there is continuous influx into man from his cause.
Hence man and all forms are subject to the laws of influx.
If man is in the highest order and is rational, he wills to keep himself in continuous order, that his thoughts may continue rational; but he is so placed in freedom that he can also destroy his rationality.
This substance issubject to changes ; in other words, it may be flowing in order or disorder, may be sick or normal ; and the changes to a great extent may be observed or even created by man himself.
Man may cause it to flow in disorder.
Any simple substance maypervade the entire material substance without disturbing or replacing it.
Magnetism may occupy a substance and not displace any of it nor cause derangement of its particles or crystals.
Cohesion is a simple substance ; it is not the purpose of cohesion to disturb or displace the substance that it occupies.
Therefore this first substance, or primitive substance, exists as such in all distinct forms of growths of concrete forms, and the material, concrete, individual entity is not disturbed or displaced by the simple substance ; the simple substance is capable of occupying the material substance without accident to that substance or to itself.
When the simple substance is an active substance itdominates and controls the body it occupies.
It is the cause of force.
The body does not move, think or act unless it has its interior degrees of immaterial substance, which acts upon the economy continuously in the most beautiful manner, but as soon as the body is separated from its characterizing simple substance there is a cessation of influx.
The energy derived from the simple substance keeps all things in order.
By it are kept in order all functions, and the perpetuation of the forms and proportions of every animal, plant and mineral.
All operation that is possible is due to the simple substance, and by it the very universe itself is kept in order.
It not only operates every material substance, but it is the cause of cooperation of all things.
Examine the universe and behold the stars, the sun and the moon ; they do not interfere with each other, they are kept in continuous order.
Everything is in harmony and is kept so by the simple substance.
We see cooperation in every degree, and this cooperation working in perfect harmony ; we see human beings moving about ; we see things going on about us on the earth ; we see the trees of the forest making room for each other, existing in perfect harmony ; the very sounds of the forest have harmony; and all this coordination is brought about by the simple substance.
There is nothing more wonderful than the coordination of man's economy, his will and his understanding and his movements, which coordination is carried on by the life substance.
Without this all matter is dead and cannot be used for the higher purposes of its existence.
By the aid of simple substance theDivine Creator is able to use all created beings and forms for their highest purpose.
Matter is subject to reduction, and it can be continuously reduced until it is in the form of simple substance, but it is not subject to restitution.
No substance can be returned to its ultimate form after it has been reduced to its primitive form.
It is not in the power of man to change from first to last ; that is, it is not in his power to ultimate the simple substance.
This is retainedfor the Supreme Power Himself, from whom power continually flows through all the primitive substance to the end ; i.e., to ultimates.
Now do you begin to see that the thing that does not start from its beginning with a purpose is not a thing, or, to put it another way, what makes anything a thing is because of its purpose or ultimate which is use, and there is never created a thing without a purpose.
If it does not exist in continuous series from first to last it cannot be of use or of purpose ; hence the end is in the first, and the end is in every succeeding link to its ultimate, the very form in which the use is to be appropriated and established.
When you establish the first link in the chain you have the end of the next link in view.
The simple substances may exist assimple, compound or complex, and as such never disturb harmony, but always continue from first to last, and in that way all purposes are conserved.
Throughout chemistry we can observe this compounding.
We findIodine uniting with its base ; i.e., two simple substances compound ing in keeping, with their own individual plan, reliably and intelligently in accordance with the affinities for each other.
When substances come together in that way they do not disturb the simple substance of each other, there is nothing destroyed, each one retains its own identity, and they can be reduced again to their simples by reaction and reagents.
Now all of these enter into the human body and every element in the human body preserves its identity throughout and wherever found can be identified.
Such combination, however, merely represents a composite state.
But when these composite substances and simple substances are brought into an additional condition ; i.e., when they are presided over and dominated by something they may be said to enter into a very complex form, and in the body a life force keeps every other force in order.
Dynamic simple substances often dominate each other in proportion to their purpose, one having a higher purpose than another.
This vital force, which is a simple substance, is again dominated by another simple substance still higher, which is the soul.
It has been the aim of a great many philosophers by study to arrive at some conclusion concerning the soul.
They have attempted to locate it at some particular point, but we can see from the above that it is not in circumscribed location.
In considering simple substance we cannot think of time, place or space, because we are not in the realm of mathematics nor the restricted measurements of the world of space and time, we are in the realm of simple substance.
It is only finite to think of place and time.
Quantitycannot be predicated of simple substance, only quality in degrees of fineness.
We will see the importance of this in its special relation to Homeopathy, by using an illustration.
When you have administeredSulphur 55 m. in infrequent doses and find it will not work any longer you give the c.m. potency and see the curative action taken up at once.
Do we not see by this that we have entered a new series of degrees and are dealing entirely with quality ?
The simple substance also hasadaptation.
At this point man's reasoning comes up, leading to false conclusions from appearances, so that he has accepted what is called the environment theory.
That the individual has an adaptation to his environment is not questioned, but what is it that adapts itself to environment ?
The dead body cannot.
When we reason from within out we see that to the simple substance adapts itself to its surroundings, and tends to adapt its house to the surroundings, and thus the human body is kept in a state of order, in the cold or in the heat, in the wet and damp, and under all circumstances.
The surroundings themselves produce nothing, are not causes, they are only circumstances.
The life substance within the body is the vice-regent of the soul, and the soul in turn is also a simple substance.
All that there is of the soul operates and exists within every part of the human body, and thus it is that simple substance acts as a vital force.
The soul adapts the human body to all its purposes, the higher purposes of its being.
The simple substance when it exists in the living human body keeps that body animated, keeps it moving, perfects its uses, superintends all parts and at the same time keeps the operation of mind and will in order.
Let any disturbance occur in the vital substance and we see how suddenly incoordination will come.
There is harmonious cooperation when the vital substance is continued in its normal quality ; that is, in health what is more perfect than the human body in health, and what evidence have we of any greater wreck than the human body when it is not in health ?
We see also that this vital substance when in a natural state, when in contact with the human body, isconstructive ; it keeps the body continuously constructed and reconstructed.
But when the opposite is true, when the vital force from any cause withdraws from the body, we see that the forces that are in the body being turned loose are destructive.
When these forces are not dominated and controlled by the vital force the body tends to decay at once.
So we see that the vital force is constructive or formative, and in its absence there is death and destruction.
If we examine the very simplest form of living organism, the plasson body, we will observe that it has the essentials of life, has everything in it that the very highest order of life has ; it has the properties and qualities of the life substance of man and animals ; it reproduces itself, it moves, it feeds, it is endowed with influx, and, lastly, it can be killed.
Now when you have said these things, you have predicated much of the vital substance, or the highest and of the lowest.
It asserts its identity ; it moves and feeds ; it propagates and can be killed.
It does not sustain its identity by chemical analysis, because when it is chemically analyzed it is no longer protoplasm.
Protoplasm is only protoplasm when it is living.
Chemically, all there is to be found of protoplasm isC.O.H.N., and S., but the life substance cannot be found.
You put together54 parts of C., 21 of 0., 16 of N., 7 of H., and 2 of S., and what do you suppose you will have ?
Simply a composite something, but not that complexity which we identify as protoplasm.
In analyzing the protoplasm, what has become of the life force ?
There is no difference in weight after death ; the simple substance cannot be weighed.
Neither weight, time nor space can be predicated of the simple substance ; and it is not subject to the physical laws, such as gravitation.
Now, when we consider this substance as an energy, a force, or dynamis,- that is, something possessing power, - the subject is intelligible.
Inert elements have in their nature not only their own identifying simple substance, but they havedegrees of this identifying simple substance.
The human body also has its degrees of life substance, existing in degrees suitable for all its uses.
The innermost degrees of life substances are suitable to the will and understanding, the outermost degrees to the very coarsest tissue, and there is one continuous series of quality, in degrees from the innermost to the outermost.
Every cell has within it the innermost and the outermost, because there is nothing in that which is coarsest but has that which is finest, too.
The outermost envelopes are dominated by the coarser degrees of simple substance, and the innermost qualities are dominated by the innermost degrees.
Each portion has an appropriate form, and from the outermost to the innermost it has all.
Otherwise the human body could not be dominated or ruled by the soul.
Each tissue has within it its portion of the vital substance, each having its own peculiar kind of function.
Inert substances have their own degrees.
Silicahas its degrees of simple substance within it, which can be brought out by the process of potentization, whereby it may be continuously simplified, rendered finer and finer, so. that each portion which remains may, by continued potentization, be adapted to the higher degrees of the simple substance of man.
The thirtieth potency ofSilica will be sufficiently similar in form to reach in a curative way some of the diseases of man, viz., such as are dominating his economy in a correspondingly superficial and coarse series of the body.
But it is true thatSilica ceases after a time to act in the thirtieth potency, and it has to be further potentized in order that it may be similar in quality to the inner degree, even until it reaches the very innermost or finest degrees of the simple substance.
Everything in the universe has its aura or atmosphere.
Every star and planet has an atmosphere.
The sun's atmosphere is its light and heat.
Every human being has his atmosphere or aura ; every animal has its atmosphere or aura.
This aura is present in all entities.
What may be said to be the aura of musk ?
That is a strong physical aura which almost everyone can perceive.
A grain of musk has been kept for experiment's sake, in a bottle for seventeen years, giving off a perceptible aura yet without loss of weight.
As a further evidence of aura, take, for instance, the animals which prey upon their food and you know that they can discover by an extremely intense aura states that man cannot discover.
This is not an ordinary nose, but it is really the very instinct of the animal, whereby he perceives what is prey.
His instinct is analogous to man's perception, and by this instinct he discovers his prey, when man would not be able to discover it.
Man can discover musk in a bottle, but it is doubtful if man could discover the finest aura by its odor.
This aura becomes useful and introduces a prominent sphere in the study of homoeopathics
The consciousness between two simple substances is really that atmosphere by which one knows the other, and by which all affinities and repulsions between simple substances are known.
They are in harmony or in antagonism.
Human beings are thus classified by positives and negatives.
Minerals and the world generally are classified by positives and negatives.
This has an underlying cause.
Substances are extremely powerful when meeting other substances that are antagonistic in any way and also when meeting substances in a destructive way.
The formative processes are often brought about by destruction ; forms are destroyed in order that new forms may exist, and new forms therefore are often created from simple substance.
There are two realms or worlds, the realm or world of cause and the realm or world of ultimates.
In this outermost or physical world we can see only with the eye, touch with the finger, smell with the nose, hear with the ear ; such is the realm of results.
The world of cause is invisible, is not discoverable by the five senses ; it is the world of thought and discoverable only by the understanding.
That which we see about us is only the world of ends, but the world of cause is invisible.
It is possible that we may perceive the innermost, and it is important also that man may know and look from within upon all things in the physical world, instead of starting in the physical world and attempting to look upon things in the immaterial world.
He will then account for law and perceive the operation of law.
Homoeopathy exists as law ; its causes are in the realm of causes.
If it did not exist in the world of causes it could not exist in the world of ultimates.
It is in the realm of cause that we must look for the primaries in the study of Homoeopathy.
Of course it will be seen that the whole of this subject looks toward the establishment of a new system of pathology, which will be the ground work of Homoeopathy.
All disease causes are in simple substance ; there is no disease cause in concrete substance considered apart from simple substance.
We therefore study simple substance, in order that we may arrive at the nature of sick-making substances.
We also potentize our medicines in order to arrive at their simple substance ; that is, at the nature and quality of the remedy itself.
The remedy to be homoeopathic must be similar in quality and similar in action to disease cause.
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